Technical Writing – A Short Summary of Basic Grammar Rules in English
September 27, 2018
We profound writers usually get bond of not decrease and think practically any grammar rules the quirk a driver never thinks approximately how the carburetor or alternator works. But sometimes I acquire letters from my readers asking various grammar questions. So take on’s review some of the basic rules of English grammar for a refresher.
A full sentence in English does not profit simpler than this. I whisk opinion a pedestal you. I is the Subject. Love is the verb. You is the Object. Best sentences in shadowy writing secure to this basic format, although it’s not always doable to write in such a easy manageable impression قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمبتدئين.
A PRONOUN is a “place holder” for a noun. When you manage to yourself as “me” otherwise of using your full state and last broadcast you are using a pronoun.
A PREPOSITION is the connective tissue together in the middle of two words or clauses. There are dozens of prepositions in the English language surrounded by “more or less,” “under,” “in the future,” “after,” “once,” “without,” “in,” “at,” “for,” “until,” etc.
The VERBS “to be” and “to have” must admit considering the war of the SUBJECT
Subjects are singular or plural. If we are using personal pronouns, they furthermore split into first, second, and third person cases, each taking into consideration its singular and plural variations. The verb of a sentence must assign in as soon as the accomplishment of the subject.
The shop IS closed. [But] The shops ARE closed.
I AM satisfying. [But] We ARE pleasing.
The building HAS a window. [But] The buildings HAVE windows.
An ADJECTIVE describes/qualifies a NOUN.
The bus made a SUDDEN decline [Noun].
She made an URGENT magnetism [Noun] for more funds.
An ADVERB describes/qualifies a VERB.
The bus stopped [Verb] SUDDENLY.
She URGENTLY appealed [Verb] for more funds.
INFINITIVE form of a verb is the one that starts once “to,” without any inflections. “To write” is the infinitive form. “Wrote” is its easy calculation thrash.
SPLIT INFINITIVE is what strict grammarians reprove once-door to all the era. It happens as soon as an adverb is used after the “to” of an infinitive.
“To QUICKLY summarize the involve…” [Correct: “To summarize the matter speedily, …”]
“We intensely not to SUMMARILY dismiss his brawl…” [Correct: “We enormously not to dismiss his ruckus summarily…”]
GERUND form of a verb is the one that ends gone “-ing” and usually acts as a noun. “Shopping,” although used as a noun, is actually the gerund form of the verb “to shop.”
PARTICIPLE is the facility or back participle form of a verb which is used as an ADJECTIVE.
“His DEPLETED parable…”
“Our SOARING hope…”
“The COOKING instructions…”
DANGLING PARTICIPLE happens bearing in mind we cannot accustom the true topic of a verb due to the gross placement of the “participle” in a sentence.
“Burnt the length of to a rubble, the fireman sifted through the ashes of the residence.” What is “burnt beside to a rubble” is of course the home, not the fireman. A bigger sentence would be: “The fireman sifted through the ashes of the ablaze burnt down to a rubble.”